Tuesday, 14 May 2013
Nazi human experimentation was medical experimentation on large numbers of people by the German Nazi regime in its concentration camps during World War II. At Auschwitz, under the direction of Dr. Eduard Wirths, selected inmates were subjected to various experiments which were supposedly designed to help German military personnel in combat situations, to aid in the recovery of military personnel that had been injured, and to advance the racial ideology backed by the Third Reich.
Experiments on twin children in concentration camps were created to show the similarities and differences in the genetics and eugenics of twins, as well as to see if the human body can be unnaturally manipulated. The central leader of the experiments was Dr. Josef Mengele, who performed experiments on over 1,500 sets of imprisoned twins, of which fewer than 200 individuals survived the studies. Dr. Mengele organized the testing of genetics in twins. The twins were arranged by age and sex and kept in barracks in between the test, which ranged from the injection of different chemicals into the eyes of the twins to see if it would change their colors to literally sewing the twins together in hopes of creating conjoined twins.
In 1942 the Luftwaffe conducted experiments to learn how to treat hypothermia. One study forced subjects to endure a tank of ice water for up to three hours (see image above). Another study placed prisoners naked in the open for several hours with temperatures below freezing. The experimenters assessed different ways of rewarming survivors.From about July 1942 to about September 1943, experiments to investigate the effectiveness of sulfonamide, a synthetic antimicrobial agent, were conducted at Ravensbrück. Wounds inflicted on the subjects were infected with bacteria such as Streptococcus, gas gangrene, and tetanus. Circulation of blood was interrupted by tying off blood vessels at both ends of the wound to create a condition similar to that of a battlefield wound. Infection was aggravated by forcing wood shavings and ground glass into the wounds. The infection was treated with sulfonamide and other drugs to determine their effectiveness.
at 2:58:00 am
Thomas Granger worked as a servant for Love Brewster in the Plymouth colony in Duxbury, Massachusetts. In 1642, at about 16 or 17 years of age, Granger was accused of violating statutes based in Biblical law, specifically Leviticus 20:15—“And if a man lie with a beast, he shall surely be put to death: and ye shall slay the beast.” The Massachusetts area was experiencing something of a bestiality panic at the time, so was Granger a pervert, or was this just a prank that got out of hand due to hysteria? Either way, he lost his life.
Granger was caught performing lewd acts with a mare (the chronicler, William Bradford, governor of the colony, protected the delicate sensibilities of future generations by refusing to detail the acts in question). When confronted, Granger at first denied the accusation. However, it wasn’t long before he not only confessed to the magistrates to having done the deed with the mare numerous times, he also named a cow, 2 goats, 5 sheep, 2 calves, and a turkey as the objects of his past attentions.
The confession was enough to earn him the death penalty from a jury. A parade of sheep was brought into the courtroom so Granger could identify which ones he’d abused. All the animals he’d named were killed while he watched. The law required no part of the “unclean” animals be used, so a pit was dug and the carcasses buried. Following the slaughter, Granger was executed for committing “sodomy”—one of the death penalty crimes on the books. He became the youngest person in America to be hanged under these statutes.
Despite his age, Granger was survived by a wife and two children.
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What is a SPERM?
The term sperm is derived from the Greek word (σπέρμα) and refers to the male reproductive cells. In the types of sexual reproduction known as anisogamy and oogamy, there is a marked difference in the size of the gametes with the smaller one being termed the "male" or sperm cell. A uniflagellar sperm cell that is motile is referred to as a spermatozoon, whereas a non-motile sperm cell is referred to as a spermatium. Sperm cells cannot divide and have a limited life span, but after fusion with egg cells during fertilization, a new organism begins developing, starting as a totipotent zygote. The human sperm cell is haploid, so that its 23 chromosomes can join the 23 chromosomes of the female egg to form a diploid cell. In mammals, sperm develops in the testicles and is released from the penis. It is also possible to extract sperm throgh TESE.
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Natural Harvest – A collection of semen-based recipes was written in 2008 after about 2 years of experimenting with semen cooking.
"The idea of cooking with semen came to me during a dinner party with some friends, where we discussed that us men want our partner to swallow, yet don’t want to taste it ourselves. I came to the conclusion that we should also ingest our own semen and a little while later I tried ejaculating into a hot frying pan. The first semen recipe was born and I began work on my semen cookbook.
I do understand that you might find it strange to be cooking with semen, but I assure you, I’m very serious about it. Semen is nutritious and delicious, but that’s not the whole explanation. Cooking with something that you made yourself is a great feeling, just like when you use home grown vegetables or eggs from your own hen. The same is true with cooking with cum. I have perfected the art over many years and I’m very proud of the level of expertise I have acquired over time. The Natural Harvest cookbook is the crowning achievement of my work with cum and I hope you will enjoy it. If you have any questions, you can send me an email or find me on Twitter. I do love interacting with my fans!"
Oral sex is good for women's health and makes you feel happier, according to a study which studied the effects of semen's 'mood-altering chemicals'.
The State University of New York study - which scientists carried out via survey rather than through practical experiment - compared the sex lives of 293 females to their mental health.
It follows research which shows that seminal fluid contains chemicals that elevate mood, increase affection, induce sleep and also contain at least three anti-depressants.
The researchers also claim that women who have regular unprotected sex are less depressed and perform better on cognitive tests.
Semen contains another of chemicals along with spermatozoa, including cortisol, which is known to increase affection, estrone, which elevates mood and oxytocin, which also elevates mood.
It also contains thyrotropin-releasing hormone (another antidepressant), melatonin (a sleep-inducing agent), and even serotonin (perhaps the best-known antidepressant neurotransmitter).
Given these ingredients - and this is just a small sample of the mind-altering 'drugs' found in human semen - Researchers Gallup and Burch, along with the psychologist Steven Platek, hypothesised that women having unprotected sex should be less depressed than suitable control participants.
To investigate whether semen has antidepressant effects, the authors rounded up 293 college females from the university's Albany campus, who agreed to fill out an anonymous questionnaire about various aspects of their sex lives.
Recent sexual activity without condoms was used as an indirect measure of seminal plasma circulating in the woman’s body.
Each participant also completed the Beck Depression Inventory, a commonly used clinical measure of depressive symptoms.
The most significant findings from this study, published in the Archives of Sexual Behavior, were that, even after adjusting for frequency of sexual intercourse, women who engaged in sex and 'never' used condoms showed significantly fewer depressive symptoms than did those who 'usually' or 'always' used condoms.
Importantly, these chronically condom-less, sexually active women also evidenced fewer depressive symptoms than did those who abstained from sex altogether.
By contrast, sexually active heterosexual women, including self-described 'promiscuous' women, who used condoms were just as depressed as those practicing total abstinence.
The research suggests it is not just that women who are having sex are simply happier, but that happiness levels might be related to the quantity of semen within their body.
The Internet first made its connection to the Philippines on March 1994. On that date the Philippine Network Foundation (PHNet) connected the country and its people to Sprint in the United States via a 64 kbit/s link. As of September 30, 2011, more than 30,000,000 people use the internet in the country accounting for 33% of the total population.
A year after the connection, The Public Telecommunications Act of the Philippines was made into law. Securing a Franchise is now optional for value-added service providers. This law enabled many other organizations to establish connections to the Internet, such as to create Web sites and having their own Internet services or providing Internet service and access to other groups and individuals. These developments are very significant for the country's internet sector.
However the growth of the internet in the Philippines was hindered by many obstacles including unequal distribution of the internet infrastructure throughout the country, its cost and corruption in the government.
But these obstacles did not altogether halt all the developments. More connection types were made available to more Filipinos. Increasing bandwidth and a growing number of Filipino internet users as years passed were proof of the continuing development of the internet in the country.
The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012, codified as Republic Act No. 10175, criminalized cybersquatting, cybersex, child pornography, identity theft, illegal access to data and libel. The act has been criticized for its provision on criminalizing libel, which is perceived to be a curtailment in freedom of expression. After several petitions submitted to the Supreme Court of the Philippines questioned the constitutionality of the Act, the Supreme Court issued a temporary restraining order on October 9, 2012, stopping implementation of the Act for 120 days.
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The Voynich manuscript, described as "the world's most mysterious manuscript", is a work which dates to the early 15th century (1404–1438), possibly from northern Italy. It is named after the book dealer Wilfrid Voynich, who purchased it in 1912.
Some pages are missing, but the current version comprises about 240 vellum pages, most with illustrations. Much of the manuscript resembles herbal manuscripts of the 1500s, seeming to present illustrations and information about plants and their possible uses for medical purposes. However, most of the plants do not match known species, and the manuscript's script and language remain unknown. Possibly some form of encrypted ciphertext, the Voynich manuscript has been studied by many professional and amateur cryptographers, including American and British codebreakers from both World War I and World War II. It has defied all decipherment attempts, becoming a famous case of historical cryptology. The mystery surrounding it has excited the popular imagination, making the manuscript a subject of both fanciful theories and novels. None of the many speculative solutions proposed over the last hundred years has yet been independently verified.
The Voynich manuscript was donated to Yale University's Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library in 1969, where it is catalogued under call number MS 408 and called a "Cipher Manuscript".
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Tiny Baby Dinosaur Discovered in China
(03 May 2013)
The fossilized skeleton of a newly discovered subspecies of therapod dinosaur has been discovered.
The infant coelurosaur belongs to the same group of dinosaurs as Tyrannosaurus Rex and when fully grown could have reached upwards of 25ft in length. Scientists believe it would have walked the Earth 161 million years ago and preyed on lizards, small mammals and early crocodilians.
Biologist James Clark and his team made the discovery at the Shishugou Formation in a remote part of Xinjiang. "All that was exposed on the surface was a bit of the leg," he said. "We were pleasantly surprised to find a skull buried in the rock too." It is believed that the baby coelurosaur was around 12 months old when it died.
Mysterious 30 foot long rotting 'sea monster' with huge teeth found washed up on New Zealand beach! (#3)
Watch the video here > https://www.facebook.com/
The creature's mouth, and skin around it resemble a bizarre prehistoric beast. Other suggestions as to what creature is include a giant moray eel and a saltwater crocodile.
A saltwater crocodile, a giant moray eel, a dolphin or a dinosaur?
Watch the video here --> https://www.facebook.com/
A close-up of the creature's gaping mouth shows its fearsome jagged teeth. This image is one of a series of photographs taken by YouTube user Elizabeth Anne on the Pukehina beach off the coast of New Zealand
Mysterious 30 foot long rotting 'sea monster' with huge teeth found washed up on New Zealand beach.
The 30-foot long carcass of the mysterious sea creature is seen almost buried under the sand on the New Zealand beach in the Bay of Plenty. Only its head and what appear to be flippers are visible
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Monday, 13 May 2013
Whom the Romans called Mercury -- was the son of Zeus and Maia. He was considered to be Zeus's messenger, and often played tricks on people, starting when he was an infant.
Hermes had magical sandals which gave him the ability to fly. He also had the helmet of invisibility or the helmet of darkness that makes you invisible. Once, Hermes loaned Perseus, a demigod, his flying sandals so he could fly to Medusa’s house.
Since Hermes was the smartest of the gods, he invented many things such as the lyre, the pipes, the musical scale, astronomy, weights and measures, boxing, gymnastics, and the olive tree.
I think that Hermes is interesting because he invented many things, and because he was the fastest of the gods.
Zeus -- the king of all Greek gods -- was the sky god who controlled the weather. Zeus carried a lightning bolt, which he used as a weapon. He was the architect of the Trojan War, and is known for affairs with multiple women, including Europa.
Zeus overthrew his father, Cronos, and drew lots with his brothers, Poseidon and Hades, to become the ruler of all the gods. He was lord of the sky and rain. His weapons were lightning bolts, winds, and storms. He had many wives and children. Sometimes, Zeus surprised women by turning into things like animals. Zeus also punished those who displeased him, lied, or broke oaths.
Zeus swallowed one of his wives named Metis because she was going to have a child, and the child would soon conquer him. Later Athena was born out of Zeus’s head in full armor. Once, he tricked a woman by turning into a shower of gold. She soon became pregnant, and had a child a few months later. Another way he tricked a woman was by killing her husband and making himself look like him.
Hades -- god of the underworld -- presided over funerals and ensured that each person who died had a proper burial. He abducted Persephone in order to marry her, but she was returned from the underworld after her mother, Demeter, punished everyone on Earth for the abduction.
(contained all the evils of the world.)
Once up a time, a long time ago, Zeus ordered Hephaestus (Aphrodite's husband) to make him a daughter. It was the first woman made out of clay. Hephaestus made a beautiful woman and named her Pandora.
Zeus sent his new daughter, Pandora, down to earth so that she could marry Epimetheus, who was a gentle but lonely man.
Zeus was not being kind. He was getting even. Epimetheus and Prometheus were brothers. Zeus was mad at one of the brothers, Prometheus, for giving people fire without asking Zeus first.
Zeus gave Pandora a little box with a big heavy lock on it. He made her promise never to open the box. He gave the key to Pandora’s husband and told him to never open the box. Zeus was sure that Epimetheus' curiosity would get the better of him, and that either Epimetheus or his brother would open the box.
Pandora was very curious. She wanted to see what was inside the box, but Epimetheus said no. Better not. "You know your father," Epimetheus sighed, referring to Zeus. "He’s a tricky one."
One day, when Epimetheus lay sleeping, Pandora stole the key and opened the box.
Out flew every kind of disease and sickness, hate and envy, and all the bad things that people had never experienced before. Pandora slammed the lid closed, but it was too late. All the bad things were already out of the box. They flew away, out into the world.
Epimetheus woke up at the sound of her sobbing. “I opened the box and all these ugly things flew out,” she cried. “I tried to catch them, but they all got out.” Pandora opened the box to show him how empty it was. But the box was not quite empty. One tiny bug flew quickly out before Pandora could slam the lid shut again.
“Hello, Pandora,” said the bug, hovering just out of reach. “My name is Hope.” With a nod of thanks for being set free, Hope flew out into the world, a world that now held Envy, Crime, Hate, and Disease – and Hope.
Many years ago, according to the stories told by the people of ancient Greece, there lived two brothers who were not like other men, or like the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus. They were the sons of one of the Titans who had fought against Zeus and been sent in chains to the prison of the Lower World.
The name of the elder of these brothers was Prometheus (which means Forethought). Prometheus was always thinking of the future and making things ready for what might happen tomorrow, or next week, or next year, or even in a hundred years time. The younger was called Epimetheus (which means Afterthought). Epimetheus was always so busy thinking of yesterday, or last year, or a hundred years ago, that he never worried at all about what might come to pass in the future.
Prometheus did not want to live amongst the clouds on Mount Olympus. He was too busy for that. While the gods were spending their time in idleness, drinking nectar and eating ambrosia, he was planning how to make the world wiser and better than it had ever been before.
So instead of living on Olympus, Prometheus went out amongst men to live with them and help them and he quickly noticed that they were no longer happy as they had been during the golden days when Kronos, the titan, was king. He found them living in caves and in holes of the earth, shivering with the cold because there was no fire, dying of starvation, hunted by wild beasts and by one another—the most miserable of all living creatures.
"If they only had fire," said Prometheus to himself, "they could at least warm themselves and cook their food; and after a while they could learn to make tools and build themselves houses. Without fire, they are worse off than the beasts."
Prometheus went boldly to Zeus and begged him to give fire to the people, so that so they might have a little comfort through the long, dreary months of winter.
"I will not!" said Zeus, "Not one spark will I share with them! For if men had fire they might become strong and wise like us, and after a while they would drive us out of our kingdom. Besides, fire is a dangerous tool and they are too poor and ignorant to be trusted with it. It is better that we on Mount Olympus rule the world without threat so all can be happy."
Prometheus didn't answer, but he had set his heart on helping mankind, and he did not give up. As he was walking by the seashore he found a tall stalk of fennel. He broke it off and then saw that its hollow center was filled with a dry, soft substance which would burn slowly and stay alight for a long time. He carried the stalk with him as he began a long journey to the top of Mount Olympus.
"Mankind shall have fire, despite what Zeus has decided," he said to himself. And with that thought, he snuck quietly into Zeus' domain and stole a spark from Zeus' own lightning bolt. Prometheus touched the end of the long reed to the spark, and the dry substance within it caught on fire and burned slowly. Prometheus hurried back to his own land, carrying with him the precious spark hidden in the hollow center of the plant.
When he reached home, he called some of the shivering people from their caves and built a fire for them, and showed them how to warm themselves by it and use it to cook their food. Men and women gathered round the fire and were warm and happy, and thankful to Prometheus for the wonderful gift which he had brought to them.
One chilly winter evening, Zeus gazed down from Mount Olympus and noticed fires burning cheerfully at the hearths of men and women in every village across the land. It did not take him long to realize that Prometheus had disobeyed him and given fire to men.
Zeus was very angry and ordered that Prometheus be chained to the side of a mountain to suffer there for all eternity. And there Prometheus stayed, thinking of the future, happy in the knowledge that he had given fire to men until he was one day rescued by Hercules, the mortal son of Zeus... but that is a story for another day!
GREEK MYTHOLOGICAL CREATURES
The centaurs (also kwown as Ixionidae) are a race of creatures composed of part human and part horse. Their first appearance comes from early Greek archaeological finds in which Attic vase-paintings depicted the centaurs as the torso of a human joined at the waist to the horse's withers, where the horse's neck would be.
The centaurs were spawned by the cloud nymph Nephele who was raped by the impious Lapith King Ixion, which is the cause of the Centaurs hatred for the Lapiths.
They inhabited the mountains and forests of Magnesia. They lives in mountain caves, hunted wild animals for food and armed themselves with rocks, tree branches and later built weapons of their own.
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GREEK MYTHOLOGICAL CREATURES
Parents : Typhon and Echidna
Offspring : Chimera, Hydra
Cerberus, also known as Kerberos, is a three-headed dog from Greek and Roman mythology. It is the guardian of the Underworld's gates. Cerberus prevents those who have crossed the river of Styx to leave the Underworld. Cerberus is usually depicted as having three heads.
Cerberus was the offspring of the Echidna and Typhon. Its brother Orthrus is a two-headed dog. Each of Cerberus's heads are said to have appetite for live meat only and thus allow spirits to freely enter the land of the dead. In most works the three-heads each respectively see and represent the past, the present, and the future, while other sources suggest the heads represent birth, youth, and old age.
Heracles was assigned the task, or labor, of capturing the hellhound Cerberus by King Eurystheus. Due to Eurstheus discounting two of the ten labors, Heracles was given an additional two labors in which one of them was the capturing of Cerberus.
Upon entering the Underworld with the help of Eleusis, Athena, Hermes, and Hestia, Hercules made his way to Hades. He asked Hades for permission to take Cerberus to the surface to show to Eurystheus. Hades gave Heracles permission, but on the condition that Heracles uses no weapons to overpower the hound. Heracles overpowered Cerberus without weapons and slung the beast over his back through a cavern entrance to the Underworld. Once seeing the beast, Eurystheus jumped into a pithos out of fright and told Heracles to take it back in return for releasing him from his labors.
GREEK MYTHOLOGICAL CREATURES
Parents : Typhon
Siblings : Cerberus, Hydra
The Chimera (alternately Kimera, Chimaera, etc.) is a mixed beast from Greek lore whose body typically consists of various bits of lion, goat, and serpent (sometimes dragon) and it is known to breathe fire. The Greek hero Bellerophon was known to have fought and defeated the singular chimera of ancient Greek lore. Bellerophon defeated the Chimera by placing a lump of lead on his spear and holding it in front of it's mouth. The fire-breathing monster melted the lead with it's breath and the molten lead flowed down it's throat and eventually killed it.
Mythological Origin :
The chimera featured in the story of Bellerophon was one of the offspring of the monster Typhon and his niece, the drakaina Echidna. As such, it is the sister of Cerberus, Orthrus, the Nemean Lion, the Lernaean Hydra, Scylla, and many other monsters. Other legends attribute the Nemean Lion to be the offspring of the chimera rather than her brother.
According to Homeric poems, the Chimera was of divine origin.
GREEK MYTHOLOGICAL CREATURES
The Cyclops, or the "Cyclopes" (plural), are a member of a primordial race of giants, each with a single eye in the middle of its forehead. The plural is cyclopes.
They are characters of Greek Mythology. The first group of Cyclopes are Brontes, Steropes and Arges. Their children are Euryalos, Elatreus, Trachios and Halimedes. The younger Cyclopes are the sons of Poseidon, who feature in the Odyssey.
In Mythology :
Greek and Roman writers like Hesiod describe the Cyclops as been a group or family of three brothers who were primordial members of the giants. Writers like Homer describe the Cyclopes as living on a distant island ruled by the cyclops Polyphemus who was one of the sons of Poseidon.
The poet Callimachus states on one of his hymns that the Cyclopes helped Hephaestus at his forge. The Cyclopes were said to be responsible for the cyclopean fortifications at Tiryns and Mycenae in the Peloponnese. According to the hymn, the noises proceeding from the heart of volcanoes were attributed to the Cyclopes' activities.
According to Hesiod and as he states in his Theogony, the known cyclops were Brontes, Steropes and Arges, and their names meant thunderer, lightning and bright respectively. This cyclopes were the primordial sons of Uranus and Gaia and were the brothers of the Hecatonchires, making them brothers to the Titans and akin to the Olympian and later Gods and other creatures. According to Hesiod, they were strong, stubborn, and "abrupt of emotion".
Because of their showcasing of power, Uranus feared the Cyclops and imprisoned them on Tartaros. They, along with the Hecatonchieres, supported Cronus in his coup d'etat overthrow Uranus but instead of freeing the Cyclopes and the Hecatonchires, he kept them is Tartaros. They remained there, guarded by the dragon Campe, until they and the Hecatonchires, were freed once and for all by their nephews, Zeus, Poseidon and Hades. In gratitude, they aided the three brothers and fashioned Zeus' thunderbolts, Poseidon's trident and Hades' helmet of invisibility. To create Zeus' thunderbolt, Arges added the brightness, Brontes added the thunder and Steropes the lightning. The Cyclopes aided Zeus in his battle against the Titans and with their help, Zeus finally deposed Cronus, just as Cronus did to his own father Uranus. The thunderbolt became Zeus' trademark weapon and symbol.
GREEK MYTHOLOGICAL CREATURES
Offspring : Pegasus
In Greek mythology Medusa (Greek: Μέδουσα), meaning "guardian, protectress" was a Gorgon, a chthonic female monster, and a daughter of Phorcys and Ceto. Gazing directly upon her would turn men to stone. She was beheaded by the hero Perseus, who thereafter used her head as a weapon until he gave it to the goddess Athena to place on her shield.
Medusa in Classical Mythology :
The three Gorgon sisters—Medusa, Stheno, and Euryale—were children of the ancient marine deities Phorcys and his sister Cetus, (the spelling vary based on accounts), chthonic monsters from an ancient world. Their genealogy is shared with other sisters names the Graeae. Aeschylus's Prometheus Bound describes them thusly: “Near them their sisters three, the Gorgons, winged; With snakes for hair— hated of mortal man—“ While ancient Greek vase-painters and carvers envisioned Medusa and her Gorgon sisters as beings born monstrous, sculptors and vase-painters of the fifth century started to picture her as being beautiful as well as horrific.
However, in a late version of the Medusa myth, related by the Roman poet Ovid, Medusa was originally a beautiful maiden, "the jealous aspiration of many suitors," priestess in Athena's temple, but when she was raped by the "Lord of the Sea" Poseidon in Athena's temple, the enraged Athena transformed Medusa's beautiful hair to serpents and made her face so terrible to behold that the mere sight of it would turn men to stone. In Ovid's telling, Perseus describes Medusa's punishment by Athena as just and well-deserved. It comes full circle, in retrospect that Poseidon, a man, defiled her, and Perseus a man ultimately killed her.
The Human Owl
Martin Joe Laurello, originally Martin Emmerling, was born in Germany around 1886. He was a sideshow performer who could turn his head a full 180 degrees. He performed with groups such as Ripley's Believe it or Not, Ringling Brothers, and Barnum & Bailey. He moved to America in 1921. He also trained dogs to do things such as acrobatics.
[all i can say was FUCK]
"Is this the key to eternal youth?"
For generations, we have tried, and failed, to find the key to eternal youth.
But scientists think they may now be one step closer to unlocking the secret.
New research has found that a single region of the brain may control the ageing process.
Researchers believe that the hypothalamus – the area of the brain which controls hunger, thirst, body temperature and fatigue - may be the ‘fountain of ageing’, controlling how the body declines over time.
They say they have discovered a specific age-related signalling pathway which opens up new strategies for combating diseases of old age and extending lifespan.
Senior author Professor Dongsheng Cai, at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in the United States, said: ‘Scientists have long wondered whether ageing occurs independently in the body's various tissues or if it could be actively regulated by an organ in the body.
‘It's clear from our study that many aspects of ageing are controlled by the hypothalamus.
‘What's exciting is that it's possible - at least in mice - to alter signalling within the hypothalamus to slow down the ageing process and increase longevity.’
The hypothalamus, located deep within the brain, is known to play fundamental roles in growth, development, reproduction and metabolism.
at 1:27:00 am
Malachite is a copper carbonate hydroxide mineral, with the formula Cu2CO3(OH)2. This opaque, green banded mineral crystallizes in the monoclinic crystal system, and most often forms botryoidal, fibrous, or stalagmitic masses, in fractures and spaces, deep underground, where the water table and hydrothermal fluids provide the means for chemical precipitation.
A subspecies of clouded leopard unique to Taiwan has been declared extinct by a team of zoologists.
The Formosan clouded leopard once roamed the wilds of Taiwan over territories that spanned from the hills of the Himalayas to Southeast Asia to China. Since 2001 researchers from Taiwan and the US have attempted to locate the animals using a network of 1,500 infra-red cameras but have to date found nothing. "There is little chance that the clouded leopard still exists in Taiwan," said zoologist Chiang Po-jen.
It is believed that a combination of illegal hunting and habitat destruction is responsible for the leopards' disappearance. The nearest living relatives are a pair of clouded leopards in Taipei Zoo that are an imported subspecies from Southeast Asia.
Plants that glow as bright as a conventional lamp could one day illuminate our streets and homes.
Attempts to create luminous plants have been going on for decades. In Taiwan two years ago a group of scientists enjoyed limited success by implanting glowing gold nanoparticles in to a species of aquatic plant. Another team at the State University of New York also managed to make a plant glow, however neither attempt produced the necessary luminosity to replace conventional lighting.
Now however three researchers working on a new endeavour known as the "Glowing Plant project" are hoping to improve on previous experiments by employing improved DNA sequencing and printing. The team is using a protein called luciferase which can be broken down to generate light in a process that is so efficient that it produces hardly any heat at all.
Husky dog: Huskies mainly live in the Arctic and are known for having pale blue eyes. However, some species have been known to have brown, green and yellow eyes
Hyena: Spotted hyena cubs are born almost fully developed with their eyes open. Although they look like felines, they behave more like canines and have a keen sense of smell which they use for hunting. Their body parts are used for medicines in some parts of Africa
Tockus: The tockus is a type of hornbill bird found in Africa. They have binocular vision, although unlike most birds with this type of eyesight, the tockus' bill can sometimes get in the way and obstruct their view
Chimpanzee: Chimpanzees, also known as chimps, have eyes similar to humans because they can distinguish colours that other mammals can't see. The eyes on a chimp are close together, like on humans, so they can see stereoscopically and make out shapes in 3D, with depth perception
Fennec fox: The fennec is a small nocturnal fox that lives in the Sahara desert in Africa. Its eye resembles what paleontologists believe many dinosaur eyes to look like. The fox is known for its large ears, which help keep it cool
Lark: Larks are passerine birds, also known as perching birds or songbirds. The majority live in dry regions, in northern and eastern Australia. Larks are medium-sized birds, between five to eight inches long and weigh between 15 and 75 grams
Long-eared owl: The long-eared owl is indigenous to Europe, Asia, and North America. It is between 12 to 16 inches long and has a wingspan of around 39 inches
Chinchilla: The chinchilla has the most distinctive pupil of Manveylan's collection. It is a rodent native to the Andes mountains in South America. The name chinchilla means 'little chincha' and is named after the Chincha people of the Andes, who used to wear its fur
Lemur: Lemurs only see in black and white. This means they don't choose food based on what it looks like, but instead of how it smells. Their monochrome vision makes it easier to see at night. The word 'lemur' comes from the Roman mythological word, lemures, which means ghosts or spirits
Iguana: Iguanas use their eyes to navigate through forests and find food. They use visual signals to communicate with other iguanas, and have a third 'eye' on top of their heads called the parietal eye. The parietal eye is a scale that contains photoreceptors to detect different light ranges
Abino tiger python: The albino tiger python is a specially bred species of the Asiatic python, found predominantly in Southeast Asia. They can grow up to around seven metres long making them the world's longest reptiles
Rhesus macaque: Also known as the rhesus monkey, their eyes most closely resemble human eyes. In January 2000 the rhesus macaque became the first primate to be cloned, and in January 2001, the first transgenic rhesus primate was born that contained genes taken from jellyfish
Black kite: The black kite is a bird of prey, so-called because it soars and glides in search of food, and can change direction smoothly and quickly. The birds often get electrocuted because they perch on electric wires
Guinea pig: The guinea-pig is a domesticated rodent, also known as cavy. It doesn't exist naturally in the wild. The term to be used as a 'guinea pig', referring to being a test subject, comes from when the rodents were tested on during the 19th century
Siamese cat: The Siamese cat originated in Thailand, formerly Siam. They are known as Wichian Mat or 'moon diamond' because of the shape and colouring of their eyes. Only pure bred Siamese cats have light blue eyes